The worst time to visit Turkmenistan is summertime. Anywhere between July and September, expect temperatures to exceed 50°C. Remember that most of Turkmenistan’s treasures are located in the middle of a tree-free desert. A place like Merv, which you really need to spend at least a few hours in, becomes almost impossible to visit.
One exception to is the Caspian Sea coast, which has a milder climate than the rest of the country and can be visited year-round (don’t stray too far from the coast!).
Winters are mild (for Central Asia), dipping below 0 at night. When dressed properly, December to March is not a bad time to go.
The coolest and most pleasant times to visit are from March to early June and October to December. Be aware that the 27th of October is Independence Day. Borders close from around the 20th until 1st of November, and visas are not handed out for this period.
Hiking: Avoid the summer months July and August. In the Kopet Dag mountains, it is a little bit cooler in summer, making April to June the best time to go to see nature bloom in springtime.
Horse riding: Avoid the summer.
Cycling: Avoid the summer if you can.
Check our calendar of notable events and festivals you might want to consider while planning your trip for details.Climate bar charts courtesy of World weather online