Azerbaijan has borders with Georgia, Armenia, Russia and Iran. Since the 2 are at war, there is no border crossing open between Azerbaijan and Armenia. The exclave of Nakchivan has its own section. For an exact location of these and all other border crossings on the Silk Road, see the border crossing map on the overview page.
It is NOT a problem to have an Armenian border stamp in your passport. It is a problem to have a Nagorno-Karabakh stamp in your passport; you will be denied access to Azerbaijan. For this reason, NKR stamps are issued on a separate paper.
Azerbaijan – Georgia border crossings
Matsimi / Lagodeki / Balakan: Connecting Telavi and Zaqatala. Quiet and easy-going. A beautiful drive once in Azerbaijan towards Baku, but watch out for police if self-driving! There are minibuses from Telavi to Lagodekhi (1,5h), from where you can walk or take a taxi for the remaining 4km. There is also a bus from Telavi to Balaken (7 GEL), just across the border on the Azeri side. The Georgian side is predictably well-equipped with a duty-free shop and money exchange. On the Azeri side there is nothing. Minibuses go between the border and Balakan/Zaqatala (all the way to Qax?).
Tsiteli/Red Bridge – Shikhli/Sixli: This border crossing is open, connecting Rustavi (GEO) with Qazax (AZ). Public transport is available on both sides of the border, there are some shops and exchange places as well. The road from Tbilisi to Tsiteli is good.
On the Azeri side: watch out for the speed traps. To avoid these, take a minor road to the south or north. Barda is worth a visit if doing this.
Azerbaijan – Iran border crossings
These border points have closed repeatedly in the past due to strained relations between the 2 nations. Things seem to be going fine at the moment, so we assume all of the below are open for international travelers.
Astara – Astara: Updates here. The name of the border towns, Astara, is the same in both countries. Good thing about this border is that you literally walk from one town into the other. No need to find transport to the border, just get a bus to Astara, and walk across to the other Astara.
Open from 10 to 18 with a lunch break from 12.30 to ? On the Iranian side, exchange offices offer better rates than the street dealers. An apartment can be gotten here for 10-15$.
There used to be huge crowds from Azerbaijan to Iran making it an all-day venture to cross. This seems to be a thing of the past now and the crossing is rather easy.
Iran -> Azerbaijan
Takes less than 30 minutes to transit. A good thing about this border is that you literally walk from one town into the other. There is no no man’s land in between, so you don’t need to pay for a taxi to get to the border posts.
By car: On the Azerbaijan side, you have to pay 4 AZN for “Customs” before entering the border area; keep the litlle piece of paper they give you, you will need it. The border guards are friendly and helpful, but don’t forget to tell them that you’re having a Carnet de Passages! Otherwise, they will not stamp it.
Just go to the Customs office or ask someone to bring you there, you need to ask around a little bit, it is in the “truck area” of the border. Be sure that they stamp everything right and take the right part out, be always with your Carnet! Don’t give someone your Carnet, although there might be people around asking for it — they’re scammers and will not give it back until you pay some money.
Azerbaijan -> Iran
Seems to be quite easy now and similar to the process in the other direction.
Bilasuvar: Open for international travelers, and seems to be more busy than Astara, with many Azeris crossing over to Iran for medical treatment and supplies.
Azerbaijan – Russia border crossings
Yarag-Kazmalyar – Samur: Between Quba and Derbent. Known as the Golden Bridge due to the large amounts of bribes that passed here (you don’t need to worry). Open to CIS-country residents only for many years, but now open for all foreigners. A bit further east is the railroad crossing between the 2 countries. Updates collected in the Azerbaijan to Russia border topic.
RU -> AZ: On public transport, you can take a shared taxi from Derbent to Yarag. You have to be in a vehicle to cross, so border marshrutkas are on offer. Don’t take a taxi for this tiny distance. After the border on the Azeri side, getting a shared taxi to Baku should be easy. To Quba it is harder. Hitchhiking might be your best bet here.
AZ -> RU: From Quba, a shared taxi to Samur goes for 10 manat or less. At the border, there is a huge queue of trucks but pedestrians or normal cars pass them. The Azeri side is quite quick, x-ray scanner for luggage. Once you have left Azerbaijan, you have to get in a marshrutka to drive you the 800 meters to Russian checkpoint (150 rubles or 5 manat).
Not allowed to walk but you can try hitchhiking, locals do it. From the border to Derbent it was 300 rubles for a shared taxi. The scenery is pretty nice, with snow-capped Caucasus mountains on your left side.
Nakchivan border crossings
There are no border crossings with Armenia, but you can cross overland into Nakchivan from Iran and Turkey. Crossing might take some time as you are very suspect wanting to visit Nakchivan for tourism purposes. Be sure to not have any compromising pictures on your camera, usb, computer or phone. As with the other Iran crossings, these have closed in the past but with improved relations seem open to all travelers now.
Jolfa – Julfa: Border crossing with Iran. Open for international travelers.
Poldasht – Shahtakhti: Border crossing with Iran. It’s a bilateral border according to an Azerbaijani immigration officer. Likely to operate 24/7.
Sadarak – Dilicu: Border crossing with Turkey between Nakchivan city and Iğdır. Several buses a day connect the 2 cities (3h drive).
Azerbaijan -Armenia border crossings
Qazax – Sofulu: This border crossing is closed.