WARNING! Many common painkillers, sleeping drugs and anxiety blockers are illegal in Uzbekistan. See the warning below.
Uzbekistan shares borders with Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Due to conflicts, natural disasters or diseases, the border crossings can close unpredictably. Ask around before you set off and check our forum for announcements.
To see the location of the border posts, check the Silk Road border crossing map on the overview page. For more info on registering yourself, check out registration in Uzbekistan and the Uzbekistan visa chapter. To learn more about getting around Uzbekistan, see transport in Uzbekistan.
Previously, crossing the border into Uzbekistan was quite a hassle. You had to fill in customs documents in twofold, lengthy examinations of your luggage and long lines were all a fact of life. Since 2018, things have sped up enormously and many foreigners report a very fast experience. Nonetheless, we do recommend you take a close look at the warnings below – they are still valid, even if the vast majority of travelers reports a hassle-free experience.
Warning about the warning. Since the liberalisation of Uzbekistan in 2018, no tourist has reported negative feedback about crossing the border, except for bringing in drones. Border guards no longer check your medicine box, your phone or your wallet. In other words, the likelihood of you going to jail over any of the below has these days dropped to practically zero. But we still keep up this warning, not to scare you, but rather to cover ourselves in case things change once again.
Many common painkillers, sleeping drugs and anxiety blockers are illegal in Uzbekistan. Codeine is a common component of many painkillers but is highly illegal in Uzbekistan. Benzodiazepines and sleeping drugs you own are probably also illegal. The full list of substances illegal or restricted is available here, you can ask questions here.
Pictures: Don’t have pictures that could be deemed controversial on your camera, mobile phone, usb stick, memory card or laptop. Government buildings, bearded guys, military stuff, naked girls, … Border guards tend to look for porn most of all, and they could check your hidden files as well.
Officially, drones cannot be brought into Uzbekistan by foreigners. While some reports indicate no problems were made when bringing in a drone, 2 travelers had their drone destroyed/confiscated by Uzbek border guards. Drone reports are welcome.
Random deportations seem to be a thing of the past. The last we heard was in 2017, and we expect no more such cases in the near future.
With the advent of green corridors on border crossing points in 2018, there is no longer a need for customs declarations of foreign currencies and valuables in twofold. You only need to declare currency if you are bringing in more than 2000$.
This map is schematic and only depicts the main border crossings of Uzbekistan. For all border crossings and their precise location, see the map at Border crossings of the Silk Road. Status (open or closed) is detailed below.
- Konibodom (Patar)
Uzbekistan – Kazakhstan border crossings
On the Beyneu – Kungrad road; the roads are getting better, but still quite bad in places. There is also a daily train between Kungrad and Beyneu, which takes approximately 10 hours. Border opens at 9am. Shared taxis drive between Kungrad and Beyneu and can also be caught at the border. An example price: 2700 tenge for a seat in a shared taxi from the border to Beyneu.
You can exchange dollars and tenge for som on the Uzbek side. Updates reported here.
Chernayevka – Zhibek-Joly
It is the main road and rail link between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, connecting Shymkent and Tashkent. Generally straightforward crossing nowadays, but there can be considerable waiting time with crushing lines and fisticuffs breaking out occasionally due to the stressful circumstances. If it’s busy, try to stay calm and wait your turn. Many Uzbeks cross the border every day. The border is open 24h with a few breaks daily. We welcome your reports.
If you are self-driving, you can take this border. Before you could not, instead, having to cross further west at Yalama. This is no longer necessary. BUT, you are much better off using Kaplanbek or Serke-Turkistan.
There is a cross-border bus between Shymkent and Tashkent. If that does not work for you, combine minibuses and shared taxis on both sides of the border.
Money exchange exists on both sides of the border.
The bus runs 5 times a day, every day, with the first bus at 7 and the last at 20. The route takes around 5 hours in total. Start and end point are Tashkent central bus station and Shymkent’s old bus station on Volodarskogo street (OSM / Gmaps). Price is 40 000 sum or 1500 tenge one-way, buses have aircon. It pays to book in advance as seat might sell out. You can book at +7 707 475 86 60 in Shymkent.
Tashkent -> Shymkent: you can take a whole taxi for 10$ from the city center, or a taxi or Damas marshrutka for a miniature sum to the border, leaving from the bus stop at the Yunusobod Univermag supermarket. Marshrutkas to Shymkent are possible during the day, however shared taxis are more likely to be found. 1000 KZT would be a reasonable price for a seat in the car.
Shymkent -> Tashkent: Minibuses and shared taxis to the border leave from the Kolos bus station (OSM / Gmaps). A seat on a minibus costs 800 tenge. Once on the Uzbek side, marshrutkas (1500 sum) and taxis gather around 400 m down the road.
B. Konysbayeva / Yalama
Formerly the place to cross for self-drivers coming to Tashkent. It’s not as convenient as Chernayevka, but should you be here without your own transport, at a guess the simplest route from Uzbekistan would be to get to Chinaz and jump in a car to Yalama. Money change is available, but nothing else. There are shared taxis waiting on the Kazakh side for locals. Updates posted here.
A bit before Zhibek Zholy, this is also a multilateral border crossing that is well-suited to people with their own car or motorbike. Updates in the Serke-Turkistan border crossing thread.
Another border crossing close to Tashkent that is much quieter than Zhibek Zholy. Recommended if you have your own wheels. Updates in the Kaplanbek border crossing thread.
No insurance sold at the Kazakh border, but you can get it in Saryagash.
According to Kazakhstan Migration Police, this is a multilateral checkpoint. There are no accounts of travelers passing this way, however. Advised to use the main Shymkent-Tashkent highway or Yalama.
Uzbekistan – Kyrgyzstan border crossings
Note that all train travel between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan passes Kazakhstan. Similarly, minibuses from Bishkek to Tashkent pass through Kazakhstan.
Closed in 2016, opened again in 2017, closed again in 2018. Updates very welcome in the Uchkurgan border forum topic.
Border crossing on the road between Tash-Komur and Namangan. Open daily from 8am to 8pm. Guards on both sides are generally friendly and relaxed, few people pass here. Still, it will take an hour to pass through. On the Kyrgyz side, you can get any transport going along the main Osh – Bishkek road to drop you off there, the border is located at the roadside. Once cleared, it’s a 10 minute, no shade walk (if you don’t have a car or bicycle) from the Kyrgyz side to the Uzbek side. On the Uzbek side, minibuses pass by on their way to Uch-Kurgan town center for 1500 som (if you have Uzbek som, there are no money changers). Otherwise, taxis are waiting who can change money (if you ride with them) and can drive to Uch Kurgan or Namangan. A ride to Namangan costs 10$ for the car.
Main border crossing on the road between Osh and Andijon. Public transport and shared taxis are available on both sides. Open 24/7, closed for lunch 13.15 to 13.45. You can use your foreigner privilege to skip the queue, otherwise you might be waiting in line for hours. Updates and experiences in this post.
UZ -> KG: From the border, big bus #2 goes to the main bazaar in Osh, while marshrutka #138 also heads to the center along Lenin Avenue.
Border crossing on the road between Jalal-Abad and Andijon. Latest update dates from May 2018: Jalalabad- Khanabat border was closed, but seemed to open sometimes.
A replacement to the Uch-Kurgan border that now closed, this one is open for foreigners. However, it is only open for pedestrians and cyclists, not for cars and motorbikes! Shared taxis run on either side of the border, a taxi to Andijan might cost 15000-80 000 sum.
Read this if you are worried about the Ferghana valley enclaves.
Uzbekistan – Tajikistan border crossings
The immigration card when entering Tajikistan has been abolished, and thus, the immigration card scam is finished as well.
Generally straightforward crossing between Khujand and Tashkent. Open 24/7. Updates in this post.
Uzbekistan -> Tajikistan: A direct bus runs between Tashkent and Khudjand (5h, 50 000 sum). It no longer starts at the bus station of Sobir Rahimov near the subway with the same name, instead it now departs from the bus station near the Olmazar metro. After buying the ticket, this might be a good time to change your remaining money back into usd. At the border the rate is lower, and in Tajikistan you will get nothing for your som. No need to buy the ticket in advance it seems as the bus is never full.
Alternatively, go to Kuyluk (Kuluk, Kulyuk, Koylok, Qo’lok) Bazaar in Tashkent. Bus #12 runs from the train station to Koylok bazaar. From the bazaar to Oybek you have two choices: You can take a taxi (including shared taxis – 15000 sum for a seat, 60000 sum for the car) or a bus going to Bekobod for 5500 sum (you get off at Oybek, aka Chanak).
A marshrutka ride to the border takes 2 hours, 1,5 hr by taxi. Once across the border, you can take a shared taxi to Buston (5 somoni), then a minibus to Khujand (7 somoni).
Tajikistan -> Uzbekistan: The direct bus to Tashkent leaves from the bus station ~5km north of the centre at 8am every day (5hr, 50 somoni).
The old way: from Khujand, local minibus 33 goes directly to the bus station from where taxis and minibuses depart to Buston. Minibus is 7 Somoni, another 4 somoni for a shared taxi from the Buston bus station to the Oybek border. Taxis from Khujand to the border start from 80 somoni for the car.
On the Uzbek side of the Oybek border taxi drivers are waiting (10$/car). A bit further away on the main road, marshrutkas pass by occasionally.
There are no money changers outside the border post on the Tajik side. However, there is a ‘Duty Free’ hut inside the Tajik border post where you can apparently change money. There are money changers on the Uzbek side.
Konibodom – Beshariq (Patar)
On the Khojand – Kokand road heading to Fergana Valley. Updates in this post.
Taj – > UZ: There are plenty of share taxis going from Khujand to Konibodom. In Khujand, get any marshrutka south bound on Linen street to avtostansia. From the bus station to Konibodom (also Isfara for Kyrgyz) it’s 8 somoni/one hour journey. From Konibodom, you can take Mashrutka #114 to the border post, which is the end of the line. The small shop nearby can change somoni to Uzbek som.
Once in Uzbekistan you’re really out in the middle of nowhere, taxis may or may not be waiting. From Beshariq, a bus goes to Kokand.
Uz -> Taj: Taxi from Fergana to the crossing takes about an hour, around 15000 sum for a seat. Once out, you may or may not be able to get a marshrutka to Konibodom bus station, otherwise you need to catch a taxi ride. From there, you can negotiate a taxi or minibus to Khujand, 1 hour.
Border crossing between Samarkand and Penjikent/Fann mountains/Dushanbe. This crossing has reopened in 2018. Money changers are available on the Uzbek side, or in Penjikent at the bank or ATM. The forum topic for Penjikent border crossings collects reports and updates.
UZ -> TAJ: From central Samarkand, take a shared taxi at the registon bekati bus stop to the Kaftarxona bus station east of the city (2000-3000 sum/seat). From there, take transport to the border: shared taxi (40 minutes, 20.000 sum/seat) or marshrutka (5000 sum). You are dropped off 1 km before the border and need to walk the last bit. Once past the border, shared taxis await to Penjikent (10 somoni) or straight to Dushanbe (5 hr, 100 somoni/seat).
TAJ -> UZ: In Dushanbe, the station is about 10 km north from Dushanbe. You can take bus 3A until the final stopor a taxi for 30 somoni. Price to Penjikent is 80-100 somoni/seat.
In Penjikent, shared taxis to the border gather near the entrance of the bazaar (8-10 somoni). You can exchange money at the bazaar or with your driver. After crossing, take a shared taxi. Alternatively, take bus 273 to Kaftaxona station, wherefrom you can take bus 41/74 to Registan.
Denau – Tursanzade
Uzbek border guards at this crossing are the worst in the country. Definitely check your medications. Border works 24/7. Public transport and shared taxis are available. Direct transport to the border is expensive for solo travellers as route is lightly travelled. Updates in this post.
Uzbekistan -> Tajikistan. Samarkand to border: Shared taxi at the Grebnoy Kanal/Betonka stop outside of the city. 50$ direct to the border for the entire car (7-8 hours). Other taxis will charge 80-90$. Border to Dushanbe: 5-10$ per person direct to hotel in Dushanbe, around 1h drive.
Tajikistan -> Uzbekistan. Zanisar bazaar in Dushanbe to Tursanzade: marshrutka 70mins, 5 TJS, or taxi for 50 TJS whole car. Tursanzade to border: shared taxi, 10 mins, 7 TJS. After immigration, there are limited options, not many people. Border to Denau: shared taxi, 2$. Denau to Samarkand: long wait for a shared taxi, 8hrs. A taxi straight from the border can be had starting from 50$ (whole car) but likely you will pay more.
Ilyos (+998 91 585 74 06) is a taxi driver who lives near the border and comes recommended. There is a hotel in Denau (Denau Hotel) 2min by car from station. If this is full about 3kms along same road is Euro-Asia hotel but is pricey (S180,000) and comes with free bad attitude.
You can also take the train. The Tashkent-Samarkand-Denau service takes about 15 hours (11 hrs from Samarkand) and runs from Tashkent on odd days, and from Denau on even days. From Denau, it’s 40km to the Tajik border by taxi, and then another hour to Dushanbe.
In the south, connecting Shahrtuz with Termez. The forum collects Gulbahor crossing reports.
On both sides of the border taxis and marshrutki are available. Between the border posts you have to use a marshrutka for 1 somoni or 1000 som.
TJ -> UZ: A block or so south of Sokhovat Bazaar there are cars going to Shahrtuz. 50 somoni/seat, 3h drive. Get dropped off in the bazaar. Don’t forget to visit the 44 springs, and exchange your somoni before you head to Uzbekistan.
A little north from the bazaar, by the bank, there are cars going to the border for 30 somoni/seat, 1h drive (tajik: sarhad, Russian: Granitza. Or they might just say Termez). If you go in the morning, the wait shouldn’t be too bad.
On the Uzbek side, a marshrutka to Termez is 10 000 sum.
Bekobod/Kushtegirmon: Border crossing between Khujand and Gulistan.
Pap – Novbunyod: between Khujand and Namangan.
Khavastabad, Uchturgan & Qushkent: border crossings in the far-west panhandle of Sughd province. Uncertain of exact location.
Uzbekistan – Afghanistan border crossing
Termez – Hairatan
On the main road to Mazar-i-Sharif. People generally report a laid-back, easy-going atmosphere on the Afghan side, possibly coupled with a bribe request. On the Uzbek side, you will get the full treatment – see Uzbek border peculiarities – it is good to start before lunch to arrive before dark in Mazar. From the border, it’s about 1 hour to Mazar. Updates reported here.
UZ -> AF: A taxi from Termez to the border costs 40 000 sum. At the Uzbek border taxi stand, there is an obligatory shuttle bus, you might have to pay 5000 sum for this. After the border, it’s a 1 kilometer walk without shade over the Friendship Bridge. Once across the Afghan side, make sure you have an address ready in Farsi in case your taxi driver doesn’t know the hotel. To get to Mazar-e Sharif, a shared taxi should cost no more than $4/seat.
AF -> UZ: Same thing, but border guards are even more thorough on the Uzbek side when coming from Afghanistan. Expect questioning and thorough checks of your phone/camera/laptop/medicine box.
Uzbekistan – Turkmenistan border crossings
Farap – Alat
Connecting Bukhara with Turkmenabat. Opens at 8.30 am, closes at 8pm. Lunch break between 12:30 and 13:30. Shared taxis are available on both sides of the border. Updates posted in the Farap – Alat forum topic.
On the Uzbek side, money exchange services with very bad rates are available. There’s also an office where you can buy vehicle insurance. On the Turkmen side, there are no services. To cross the distance between the border posts, you need to get in a minivan twice, once for 1 manat, another time for 1$.
UZ -> TM: A taxi from Bukhara costs 100 000 sum. Taxis cannot drive up to the gate, and you need to take a marshrutka for the last kilometer (1000 sum). Between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan there is a long hot walk, about 1.5km – no transport. On the Turkmen side it’s another 1.5 km taxi ride (1$) to where vehicles are allowed to pick up people. From there to Turkmenabat, a taxi was reported to cost 5$, but this could be less.
TM -> UZ: It’s about 1 hour from Turkmenabat to the border. The pontoon bridge that used to cause delays is gone. If you don’t want to spend the night in Turkmenabat, you can sleep at the border (some pay, others manage for free). You can cross when the border opens at 9 and be in Bokhara well before noon.
A taxi to Bokhara from the border will cost around 25$ for the whole car (you can share this with others). Or you can take a marshrutka to Alat, and continue from there.
One backpacker in 2018 reports: To exit Turkmenistan, I needed to pay 19 USD “processing fee”, only payable in USD. Other travelers do not report paying anything.
Shavat – Dashoguz
Connecting Khiva and Urgench with Dashoguz. Border opens 9-18. There is an obligatory 1$ shuttle in the no man’s land between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. Updates welcome here.
UZ -> TM: There is no cheap way to get from Khiva to the border, it costs 15-20$ for the car. On the Turkmen side, shared taxis run between the border and Dashoguz: 5 manat (1$) is a good price.
TM -> UZ: From the border, a taxi to Khiva can be had for $10 for the whole car, but you need to patience if you want to drive down the price. Taxi drivers start at 30$ and are tough negotiators.
Hojayli – Konye-Urgench
Connecting Nukus with Konje-Urgench. Reopened in 2016 after a reconstruction in 2015 kept it closed for most of the year. There is no longer a large “no-man’s land” area between checkpoints. All updates posted here.
Shared taxis from the border to/from Hojayli, Konye-Urgench and Nukus are available.
UZ -> TM: Shared taxis are available from Nukus, and once across the border, to Konye-Urgench.
TM -> UZ: A short taxi ride from Konye-Urgench to the border costs 1$. Once across the border it’s a half-hour drive to Nukus by shared taxi (10$).
Bilateral crossing open only for Uzbek and Turkmen citizens. It’s located between Qarshi (UZB) and Atamurat (TRM).
Druzhba – Gazadzhak
Small, little-known border post near Khiva. Not enough information available, but it counts as an international border crossing.
A full list of Uzbek border crossings can be found at Lex.uz.