How to get from Central Asia to Mongolia, bypassing China and Russia? Getting a visa for Russia or China can be a nasty problem in Central Asia, however prepared you might be. So you might simply be stuck, needing to catch a flight to continue your journey. Or maybe you simply want to bypass Russia or China and head straight to Mongolia from one of the ‘Stans.
Here are your options. They’re simple.
From Kazakhstan: Air Astana announced it would start flying 3 times per week between Astana and Ulan Bator starting June 2016, but its permission by Mongolian authorities has been revoked. So no flights. There are no other flights from Kazakhstan to Mongolia. Old information floating around the internet about the Ulgit – Oskemen or Ulgit – Almaty flight is just that: old.
From Kyrgyzstan: Flights go from Bishkek to Ulan Bator 3 times a week via Turkish Airlines. Your only option for a direct flight to Mongolia.
Indirect flights: In summer only, Air Mongolia operates flights between Irkutsk and Ulan Bator. Yakutia Air flies once a week from Tashkent, Bishkek and Dushanbe to Irkutsk. Tajik Air also flies once a week to Irkutsk. There are no flights from Urumqi to Ulan Bator. If the above options don’t work out, you have no choice but to take either 3 flights, or make a big detour to a big airport like Beijing or Moscow.